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SHORT REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41-43

Serological prevalence of scrub typhus among febrile patients from a tertiary care hospital in South Kerala


Department of Microbiology, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Swetha Sivaraman
Department of Microbiology, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jacm.jacm_5_20

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Scrub typhus, a potentially fatal rickettsial infection, is common in India. As the clinical features include fever, vomiting, headache, respiratory infection and rashes the differential diagnosis includes Enteric fever, Dengue, Leptospirosis and Malaria. Though many methods are available for diagnosis, IgM ELISA is the most sensitive method. A prospective study was carried out at the Sree Gokulam Medical College Thiruvananthapuram from January 2019 to December 31 2019. A total of 178 samples were screened for scrub typhus. Commercially available IgM ELISA was used. Out of 178 samples 28 samples were positive for scrub typhus(15.7%). 20-40 years age groups showed maximum number of cases and cases were more from June to September. Males were more commonly affected (57%). Scrub typhus is considered one of the important differential diagnoses of pyrexia of unknown origin in this area.


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